Prior Publication, Duplication Submissions, & Overlapping Work
Manuscripts are considered on the understanding that they contain original material, that the manuscript and material within the manuscript have not been published and are not being considered for publication elsewhere in whole or in part in any language, except as an abstract. The authors also certify that any and all other work in preparation, submitted, in press, or published that is potentially overlapping either in the actual data presented or in the conceptual approach is enclosed along with the original submission. Any material within the manuscript that has appeared elsewhere must be cross-referenced and permission to use or adapt the material must be received, in writing from the copyright holder.
Pre-Print Servers: Posting of un-refereed manuscripts to a community pre-print server by the author will not be considered prior publication, provided that the following conditions are met: 1) During submission, authors must acknowledge pre-print server deposition and provide any associated accession numbers or DOIs; 2) Versions of a manuscript that have been altered as a result of the peer review process may not be deposited; 3) The pre-print version cannot itself have been indexed in MEDLINE or PubMed; 4) Upon publication, authors are responsible for updating the archived pre-print with a DOI and link to the published version of the article.
Abstracts/Webcasts: If some or all of the work in the manuscript has been published or submitted in abstract form, and/or overlapping data exists, the following rules apply: 1) The published or submitted abstract must accompany the submitted manuscript; 2) The abstract cannot itself have been referenced in MEDLINE or PubMed; 3) The potentially overlapping work and a separate explanation of the nature of any possible overlap with the submitted manuscript must accompany the submitted manuscript.
These restrictions generally do not apply to presentations or press reports published in connection with scientific meetings, or to poster presentations at scientific meetings that are videotaped, provided that the material has not been widely circulated, copyrighted, or sold. Posting an audio recording, video recording, or short summary of a presentation made at a professional meeting on the Internet would be considered as a meeting presentation by the American Heart Association and would not compromise consideration of a submission. Direct release of information through press releases or media briefings may preclude publication.
The AHA Scientific Publishing Ethical Conduct Policy (PDF) contains the full ethical conduct policy.
Transparency and Openness Promotion (TOP) Guidelines for Authors Publishing in an American Heart Association Journal
The policy of American Heart Association journals* is to publish papers where data, program code and other methods are appropriately cited using DOIs, journal citations, or other persistent identifiers. Such materials should be recognized as original intellectual contributions and afforded recognition through citation.
Data set citation format:
Creator (PublicationYear). Title. Publisher. Identifier
Data set citation example:
Chen, J. et al. Common genetic variation in ETV6 is associated with colorectal cancer susceptibility. Dryad Digital Repository. doi:10.5061/dryad.7dj7t (2016).
Data, Analytic Methods (Code), and Research Materials Transparency
The policy of American Heart Association journals* is to publish papers where authors indicate whether the data, methods used in the analysis, and materials used to conduct the research will be made available to any researcher for purposes of reproducing the results or replicating the procedure.
1. Authors must, at the beginning of the Methods section, indicate if they will or will not make their data, analytic methods, and study materials available to other researchers.
2. If an author agrees to make materials available, the author must specify where that material will be available and is responsible for maintaining availability.
Design and Analysis Transparency
The policy of the American Heart Association journals* is to publish papers where authors follow standards for disclosing key aspects of the research design and data analysis. Authors are encouraged to review the standards available for many research applications from http://www.equator-network.org/ and use those that are relevant for the reported research applications.
Preregistration of Studies and Analysis Plans
The policy of the American Heart Association journals* is to publish papers that include a link to pre-registration of the study and/or analysis plan if applicable. Preregistration of studies involves registering the study design, variables, and treatment conditions (e.g., http://clinicaltrials.gov/, http://socialscienceregistry.org/, http://openscienceframework.org/, http://egap.org/design-registration/, http://ridie.3ieimpact.org/). Including an analysis plan involves specification of sequence of analyses or the statistical model that will be reported.
1. If authors have preregistered the study, a link to the pre-registration or the registry and unique identifier of the pre-registration must be included at the beginning of the Methods section upon submission of the paper.
2. If an author preregistered the research with an analysis plan, the author must:
a. confirm in the text that the study was registered prior to conducting the research with links to the time-stamped preregistration(s) at the institutional registry, and that the preregistration adheres to the disclosure requirements of the institutional registry or those required for the preregistered badge with analysis plans maintained by the Center for Open Science.
b. report all preregistered analyses in the text, or, if there were changes in the analysis plan following preregistration, those changes must be disclosed with explanation for the changes.
c. clearly distinguish in text analyses that were preregistered from those that were not, such as having separate sections in the results for confirmatory and exploratory analyses.
The policy of the American Heart Association journals* is to hold replication studies to the same standards as other content submitted to the journals.
*Including Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology (ATVB), Circulation, Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, Circulation: Cardiovascular Genetics, Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging, Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions, Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, Circulation: Heart Failure, Circulation Research, Hypertension, Journal of the American Heart Association (JAHA), Stroke
- Please review our complete, revised embargo policy at http://newsroom.heart.org/newsmedia/embargo-policy. The statements below include only part of our policy. Companies/corporate sponsors of studies, news media, and AHA/ASA Scientific Statements and Guidelines Writing Committee members should refer to the complete policy. Those with questions about Sessions embargoes should also refer to the complete policy.
Embargo Policies for Researchers/Scientists/Spokespersons:
- Abstracts or manuscripts accepted for presentation at AHA/ASA scientific meetings or to be published in an AHA journal may not be presented at other meetings or published in other journals prior to the embargo time set by the AHA/ASA.
- Any researcher associated with an abstract being presented at an AHA/ASA scientific meeting or with a manuscript being published in an AHA journal must comply with the embargo policies of the AHA/ASA. Researchers may not distribute embargoed written or visual information (slides, manuscript, etc.) to the news media prior to expiration of the embargo period; however, they are allowed to conduct embargoed media interviews as long as the embargo date and time are emphasized to the news media. The researcher’s institution may issue an embargoed release on non-late-breaking studies but they are not allowed to issue any embargoed information on late-breaking trials being presented at AHA/ASA scientific meetings (see Embargo Policies for Medical Institutions/Universities).
- If the news media breaks an embargo as a result of a researcher conducting an embargoed interview or as the result of their public relations department /agency or institution providing them with written or visual information, the researcher risks having his study pulled from being published or presented at an AHA/ASA scientific meeting. No individual, institution, agency or organization, other than the AHA/ASA, may distribute written or visual media materials relating to the scientific information prior to the AHA/ASA embargo time.
- Failure to honor embargoes may also jeopardize future acceptance of studies and/or exhibition at AHA/ASA scientific meetings or acceptance of manuscripts for publication in AHA scientific journals.
- Researchers who are co-authors of a study to be presented at an AHA/ASA news conference may attend a news conference as guests as long as their name appears on the abstract being presented at the news conference.
Embargo Policies for Medical Institutions/Universities/Health Organizations:
- Studies published in AHA/ASA journals: Universities, medical institutions and health organizations who are involved in a study may distribute their own embargoed news releases 2 business days prior to the embargo and authors of studies and representatives from the institution may conduct embargoed media interviews during the embargo period. However, no one other than AHA is allowed to issue embargoed media materials pertaining to scientific statements, guidelines or late-breaking clinical trials.
- Scientific statements and guidelines: Universities, medical institutions or health organizations are not allowed to issue/distribute embargoed news releases or other information about AHA/ASA scientific statements or guidelines prior to embargo.
- Late-breaking clinical trials presented at AHA/ASA scientific meetings: Universities, medical institutions or health organizations may not issue any embargoed news releases or other information prior to the embargo. The embargo time for late-breaking trials is at the beginning of the plenary session at an AHA/ASA scientific meeting. However, since AHA provides the news media with embargoed information on late-breaking clinical trials, representatives from universities, medical institutions or health organizations may conduct embargoed interview upon receiving media requests.
- No individual, institution, agency or organization, other than the AHA/ASA, may distribute the study’s manuscript, abstract or presentation materials, such as slides, that include specific information about the study prior to the AHA/ASA embargo time. Media must contact the AHA/ASA News Media relations office at 214-706-1173 or email@example.com to request manuscripts or presentation materials.
- Universities and medical institutions must alert the AHA/ASA News Media Relations Dept about their release by providing the name of the study, the lead/first author’s name and the journal or meeting where the study is being published or presented. AHA asks that the universities/medical institutions include the name of the AHA journal where the study is being published or the name of the AHA’s scientific meeting where the study is being presented in their news release. The news release along with the author information should be sent to AHA/ASA News Media Relations Dept. at firstname.lastname@example.org or call (214) 706-1173.
- Upon request, AHA/ASA may make the institution/university/organization’s embargoed news release available in the news conference/media briefing room as well as the working newsroom for studies presented at an AHA/ASA scientific meeting news conference or embargoed media briefing. For AHA/ASA scientific meetings, the embargo time for a late-breaking study is the beginning of the late-breaking plenary session. For a non-late-breaking studies, the embargo time is time of presentation or news conference, whichever comes first.
- Universities, medical institutions and health organizations who need to confirm embargo dates and times should contact AHA/ASA News Media Relations Dept (214) 706-1173 or (SMR EMAIL).
- Universities, medical institutions and health organizations must obtain specific study information from the researcher. AHA/ASA will only provide the embargo date and time and will not provide anyone with study information unless the researcher contacts the AHA/ASA asking them to provide the information.
- Universities, medical institutions and health organizations whose information is being presented at an AHA/ASA scientific meeting may not conduct any embargoed promotional media activities other than sending out an embargoed news release and conducting individual embargoed media interviews. Promotional media activities refer to any activity that may involve multiple news media outlets, including media briefings/news conferences, satellite media tours, corporate receptions, investigator meetings, etc.
- At AHA Scientific Sessions, universities and medical institutions may register to have their media materials displayed in the Industry Newsroom for a fee (see Industry Newsroom section for more information).
- If media break an embargo as a result of a university, medical institution or health organization issuing information or conducting an interview, the AHA/ASA may enforce sanctions against the reporter/media outlet, the researcher/scientist and university/institution/company as appropriate.
- Questions about media embargoes should be directed to Bridgette McNeill, Senior Communications Manager, Corporate & Media Communications, AHA National Center, 7272 Greenville Avenue, Dallas, TX 75231-4596; Tel: 214-706-1135; Email: email@example.com.
- Although the Editorial Office will endeavor to notify authors of the anticipated publication date/time, neither the Editorial Office nor the AHA/ASA will be responsible for any consequences of early online posting with regard to the intellectual property rights. To safeguard their intellectual property, authors should ensure that appropriate reports of invention and patent applications have been filed before the manuscript is accepted.
Conflict of Interest Policy for Editors
Original manuscripts authored or coauthored by the Editor-in-Chief and/or any of the Associate Editors are handled by a Guest Editor, who makes all decisions about the manuscript (including choice of referees and ultimate acceptance or rejection). The entire process is handled confidentially. All manuscripts submitted from the Editor-in-Chief's home institution are also handled entirely by a Guest Editor. Manuscripts from an Associate Editor's institution can be handled by the Editor or another Associate Editor as long as those individuals are not from the same institution. Additionally, the Editor-in-Chief and/or Associate Editors may, from time to time, refer a manuscript to a Guest Editor to avoid a real or reasonably perceived conflict of interest.
The AHA Conflict of Interest Policy (PDF) contains the full conflict of interest policy.
Ethical Conduct Policy
All American Heart Association journals adhere to the American Heart Association ethical conduct policy as outlined in Miano J. What is Truth? Standards of Scientific Integrity in American Heart Association Journals. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 30:1-4 (http://atvb.ahajournals.org/cgi/content/full/30/1/1. By submitting a manuscript for review by [the journal,] authors certify that they abide by the ethical policies and standard of scientific integrity required by the American Heart Association.
The AHA Scientific Publishing Ethical Conduct Policy (PDF) contains the full ethical conduct policy.
Statements, opinions, and results of studies published in Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging are those of the authors and do not reflect the policy or position of the American Heart Association, and the American Heart Association provides no warranty as to their accuracy or reliability.