Dramatic Response to Tocilizumab Before Emergency Surgery in Severe Active Takayasu Disease
This article requires a subscription to view the full text. If you have a subscription you may use the login form below to view the article. Access to this article can also be purchased.
- biological therapy
- takayasu arteritis
- tomography, emission-computed
- ventricular dysfunction, left
A 19-year-old man was admitted in our tertiary care center in August 2014 for a 10-kg weight loss in a few months (48 kg, 1.80 m, and body mass index, 14.8 kg/m2), claudication in the lower limbs after a 500-m distance and a postprandial abdominal pain associated with mild renal insufficiency and proteinuria with no hypertension (100/80 mm Hg). The patient had no medical history and was an active smoker (tobacco and cannabis, estimated consumption: 2 pack-years). Laboratory parameters were elevated leukocyte count (13×109/L), C-reactive protein level (55 mg/L), creatinine (14 mg/L), and B-natriuretic peptide (4246 pg/mL). No thrombophilia, autoimmune disorders, or viral infections were identified. The patient underwent a B-mode Doppler ultrasound that showed multiple proximal arterial occlusions and stenoses of large vessels confirmed by a computed tomographic angiography: occlusions of bilateral subclavian arteries, superior and inferior mesenteric arteries, and right renal artery with kidney atrophy were found (Figure 1A). Furthermore, significant stenoses of celiac artery, left renal artery (Figure 1B), right internal iliac artery, and bilateral superficial femoral arteries were identified. A discrete circumferential thickening of the abdominal aorta was suggestive of aortitis. Cervical magnetic resonance angiography showed a complete occlusion of both subclavian and vertebral arteries (Figure 2). Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a severe left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction (LV ejection fraction …