Congenital Heart Disease
Multimodal Imaging Is Every Day’s Routine
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Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are the most common types of birth defects and affect ≈0.8% to 1.0% of live births. Hence, every year ≈40 000 babies are born in the United States with this condition. This number does not even include isolated bicuspid aortic valve disease, which would account for another 1% of live births.
The majority of these children have isolated cardiac defects rather than multiple organ defects including the heart, for example, because of an underlying chromosomal or genetic disorder. Overall, it is estimated that >2 million patients with CHD are currently living in the United States.
Most children with CHD will require surgical or catheter-based interventional treatment during their childhood, and 25% have critical CHD requiring such invasive treatment to occur within their first year of life to survive. Treatment of these life-threatening conditions has improved enormously over the past decades, and it …