Coarctation of the Abdominal Aorta
An Uncommon Cause of Arterial Hypertension and Stroke
A 14-year old male with no previous medical history presented with headache, left third cranial nerve palsy, and generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed subarachnoid hemorrhage secondary to an aneurysm of the left posterior communicating artery. The patient underwent successful transcatheter coil occlusion of the aneurysm, and his neurological symptoms improved (Figure 1).
During admission, he remained hypertensive, with an arterial blood pressure of 170/96 mm Hg in the upper limbs despite medical treatment with atenolol, amlodipine, and enalapril. On physical examination, an abdominal systolic bruit was heard, and weak femoral pulses were noted. Blood pressure in the right and left arms was similar, but there was a significant differential …